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Wiseman, S.; Snyder, D. E. Effects of orally administered spinosad (Comfortis®) in dogs on adult and immature
stages of the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis). Vet. Parasitol. 168, 3-4, 312-17.
- Breslin, W. J.; Marty, M. S.; Vedula, U.; Liberacki, A. B.; Yano, B. L. Developmental toxicity of Spinosad administered
by gavage to CD® rats and New Zealand White rabbits. Food Chem. Toxicol. 2000, 38, 12, 1103-12.
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Organic Insect and Disease Management; Cornell University: New York, New York, 2013; pp 163-167
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and Coho Salmon. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 2009, 82, 5, 549-53.
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and Drug Administration: Silver Spring, MD, 2011.
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Reproduction Study Using Sprague-Dawley Rats. Toxicol. Sci. 2002, 67, 1, 144-52.
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Regist. 2000, 65, 86, 25721-24.
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Monitoring Branch: Sacramento, 2002.
NPIC fact sheets are designed to answer questions that are commonly
asked by the general public about pesticides that are regulated by the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA). This document is
intended to be educational in nature and helpful to consumers for
making decisions about pesticide use.